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Oral Care and Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia. Malhan, Namrita BDS 1; Usman, ... 4 Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Maimonides Medical Center, New York City, New ...
Aims and objectives: To determine the effectiveness of an oral health care program for preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Background: Research has shown a significant correlation between oral bacteria and VAP, indicating that an oral health care program plays a very important role in VAP prevention.
Ventilator-associated pneumonia(VAP) is defined as pneumonia develops in intensive care unit (ICU) patients who have been mechanically ventilated for at least 48 hours. Implementing effective oral car could reduce the incidence of VAP. However, previous studies on scrubs in oral care have failed to suggest which the best choice.
The intervention group yielded a VAE rate of 14.29 per 1,000 ventilator days and a VAP rate of 1.26 per 1,000 ventilator days. Overall, nurses' adherence to the new oral care protocol ranged from 36% to 100% per month, with an average adherence to protocol of 76% as evidenced by oral care documentation and supply use.
Ventilator-associated Pneumonia (VAP) Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a lung infection that develops in a person who is on a ventilator. A ventilator is a machine that is used to help a patient breathe by giving oxygen through a tube placed in a patient’s mouth or nose, or through a hole in the front of the neck.
VA researchers developed and implemented a program to increase oral hygiene in community living center and hospital patients. This simple initiative has greatly reduced cases of hospital-acquired pneumonia, saving Veterans’ lives and increasing their quality of life.
Oral care protocol interventions led to an 89.7% reduction in ventilator associated pneumonia. Oral hygiene strategies in hospitalized and nursing home populations also can reduce the incidence of pneumonia.